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“We may find, by our own unhappy experience, that there is a natural and necessary progression from the extreme of anarchy to the extreme of tyranny, and that arbitrary power is most easily established upon the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousness.” — George Washington
“Liberty and happiness have a
powerful enemy on each hand;
on the one hand tyranny, on the
other licentiousness [anarchy].
To guard against the latter, it is
necessary to give the proper
powers to government; and to
guard against the former, it is
necessary that those powers
should be properly distributed."
“The accumulation of all powers,
legislative, executive, and judiciary,
in the same hands, whether
of one, a few, or many, and
selfappointed, or elective,
may justly be pronounced
the very definition of tyranny.”
James Madison, Federalist Papers
That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed."
That whenever any Form of Government becomes
destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the
People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new
Government, laying its foundation on such
principles and organizing its powers in such form,
as to them shall seem most likely to effect their
Safety and Happiness.
“Only a virtuous people are capable of freedom.
As nations become corrupt and vicious,
they have more need of masters."
- Benjamin Franklin
"Our Constitution was made only for a moral
and religious people. It is wholly inadequate
to the government of any other." John Adams
"Neither the wisest constitution nor the wisest
laws will secure the liberty and happiness
of a people whose manners are universally corrupt."
At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, James Madison proposed the plan to divide the central government into three branches. He discovered this model of government from the Perfect Governor, as he read Isaiah 33:22;
“For the LORD is our judge, [judicial]
the LORD is our lawgiver, [legislative]
the LORD is our king; [executive]
He will save us.”
Baron Charles Montesquieu wrote "The Spirit of the Laws", a book that was read and studied intently by our Founders. Montesquieu wrote in 1748; “Nor is there liberty if the power of judging is not separated from legislative power and from executive power. If it [the power of judging] were joined to legislative power, the power over life and liberty of the citizens would be arbitrary, for the judge would be the legislature if it were joined to the executive power, the judge could have the force of an oppressor. All would be lost if the same … body of principal men … exercised these three powers." Madison claimed Isaiah 33:22 as the source of division of power in government.