The British increased taxes on the American colonies, stifling the economy:
1764 Sugar Act - taxing sugar, coffee, wine;
1765 Stamp Act - taxing newspapers, contracts, letters, playing cards and all printed materials; and the
1767 Townshend Acts - taxing glass, paints, paper.
Beginning in 1768, the British began quartering their troops in American homes.
When citizens gathered in protest, March 5, 1770, British troops fired into crowd, killing five, in what was called "the Boston Massacre."
Just three years later, in 1773, the British passed yet another tax increase, the "Tea Act."
While American merchants paid taxes, British allowed the East India Tea Company to sell a half million pounds of tea in the Colonies with no taxes, giving them a monopoly by underselling American merchants.
The citizens of Boston had enough.
On DECEMBER 16, 1773, led by Samuel Adams, a band of patriots
called Sons of Liberty, disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians, left
the South Meeting House toward Griffin's Wharf, boarded the ships
Dartmouth, Eleanor and Beaver, and threw 342 chests of tea into the
This was called the Boston Tea Party.
The men of Marlborough, Massachusetts, declared:
"Death is more eligible than slavery.
A free-born people are not required by the religion of Jesus Christ to submit to tyranny, but may make use of such power as God has given
them to recover and support their liberties...
We implore the Ruler above the skies that He would bare His arm...and let Israel go."
“Bad men cannot make good citizens. It is when a people forget God that tyrants forge their chains. A vitiated state of morals, a corrupted public conscience, is incompatible with freedom. No free government, or the blessings of liberty, can be preserved to any people but by a firm adherence to justice, moderation, temperance, frugality, and virtue; and by a frequent recurrence to fundamental principles.”