Grandson of Princeton president Jonathan Edwards, he could read at age 4 and entered Yale at 13.
He was a chaplain in the Continental Army until his father died, when, as the eldest of 13, he worked the family
farm to pay off debts.
He was in Massachusetts' first State Legislature.
This was Timothy Dwight IV, who was Yale's 4th president, 1795 to 1817.
In 22 years he created Yale's Departments of Chemistry, Geology, Law, and Medicine.
He founded Andover Theological Seminary.
He pioneered women's education, and was critical of slavery and encroachment on Indian lands.
During his term, Yale grew from 110 to 313 students, with one of his students, Samuel Morse, inventing the telegraph.
Originally a Puritan college, students had begun to be enticed by "French infidelity" and the deistic "cult of reason."
Dwight met with students and answered their questions on faith. By the time of his death, JANUARY 11, 1817, not only were a third of the
graduates professing Christians, but 30 entered the ministry.
how Voltaire's atheism inspired the French Revolution and it's Reign of Terror, 1793-1794, where 40,000 people were beheaded:
"About the year 1728, Voltaire, so celebrated for his wit and brilliancy and not less distinguished for his hatred of Christianity and his
abandonment of principle, formed a systematical design to destroy Christianity and to introduce in its stead a general diffusion of
irreligion and atheism.
For this purpose he associated with himself Frederick the II, king of Prussia, and Mess. D'Alembert and Diderot, the principal compilers of the
Encyclopedie, all men of talents, atheists and in the like manner abandoned.
The principle parts of this system were:
1. The compilation of the Encyclopedie: in which with great art and insidiousness the doctrines of ... Christian theology were rendered absurd and ridiculous; and the mind of the reader was insensibly steeled against conviction and duty.
2. The overthrow of the religious orders in Catholic countries, a step essentially necessary to the destruction of the religion professed in those countries.
3. The establishment of a sect of philosophists to serve, it is presumed as a conclave, a rallying point, for all their followers.
4. The appropriation to themselves, and their disciples, of the places and honors of members of the French Academy, the most respectable literary society in France, and always considered as containing none but men of prime learning and talents.
In this way they designed to hold out themselves and their friends as the only persons of great literary and intellectual distinction in that country, and to dictate all literary opinions to the nation.
5. The fabrication of books of all kinds against Christianity, especially such as excite doubt and generate contempt and derision.
Of these they issued by themselves and their friends who early became numerous, an immense number; so printed as to be purchased for little or nothing, and so written as to catch the feelings, and steal upon the approbation, of every class of men.
6. The formation of a secret Academy, of which Voltaire was the standing president, and in which books were
formed, altered, forged, imputed as posthumous to deceased writers of reputation, and sent abroad with the weight
of their names.
These were printed and circulated at the lowest price through all classes of men in an uninterrupted succession,
and through every part of the kingdom."
Timothy Dwight continued:
"In societies of Illuminati...the being of God was denied and ridiculed....The possession of property was pronounced
Chastity and natural affection were declared to be nothing more than groundless prejudices.
Adultery, assassination, poisoning, and other crimes of the like infernal nature, were taught as lawful...provided the
end was good....
The good ends proposed by the Illuminati...are the overthrow of religion, government, and human society, civil and domestic.
These they pronounce to be so good that murder, butchery, and war, however extended and dreadful, are declared by them to be completely justifiable...
The means...were...the education of youth...every unprincipled civil officer...every abandoned clergyman...books replete with infidelity, irreligion, immorality, and obscenity...
Where religion prevails, Illumination cannot make disciples, a French directory cannot govern, a nation cannot be made slaves, nor villains, nor atheists, nor beasts.
To destroy us therefore, in this dreadful sense, our enemies must first destroy our Sabbath and seduce us from the house of God..."
Timothy Dwight concluded:
"Religion and liberty are the meat and the drink of the body politic.
Withdraw one of them and in languishes, consumes, and dies.
If indifference...becomes the prevailing character of a people...their motives to vigorous defense is lost, and the hopes of their enemies are proportionally increased...
Without religion we may possibly retain the freedom of savages, bears, and wolves, but not the freedom of New England.
If our religion were gone, our state of society would perish with it and nothing would be left which would be worth defending."